Due to exceptional and storied History of Uzbekistan, it became the home of cultural diversity and beautiful architectural monuments.
As Uzbekistan is the home of diverse culture and the only country surrounded by other landlocked countries, the History of Uzbekistan could not be simple. In other sense, Uzbekistan has a history that tells a lot about the rulers and groups and their works are charismatic which are reflected in the monuments seen during Uzbekistan Tours
A 70,000 year old skull was discovered by A. Okladnikov in 1938 at Teshik-Tash of Uzbekistan and the skull was of a Neanderthal child in the age between 8 to 11 years old.
As Uzbekistan is located in the heart of Central Asia, it was first occupied by Irania Nomads in the first millennium BC. At that the time, cities like Bukhara and Samarkand became the centres of government and culture. By 5th century BC, the Bactrian, Soghdian, and Tokharian states occupied the region and the Iranian took the advantage when China makes its trade with the western countries through Silk Road. At that time, Transoxiana was one of the most influential and powerful Persian provinces.
In 328 BC, Alexander the Great conquered the region and brought to the control of Macedonian Empire. But the war in the region continued between Soghdian states and the other states in Transoxiana. In religious perspective, Zoroastrianism, Buddhism, Manichaeism, and Christianity religions are found.
Early Islamic Period
The Arabs invaded Transoxiana in seventh century under the leadership of Qutayba ibn Muslim, the brilliant military commander. In the battle of Talas River, Arab defeated the Chinese army in 750. But, the administration of Arabs develops the region without harming any centre of Uzbekistan. Under the reign of Abbasid Caliphate, the ruler of Arabs from 750, Central Asia and Transoxiana has golden age in 8th and 9th centuries. When Abbasid Caliphate became weak and local Islamic Iranian states proclaimed themselves as the rulers of Iran and Central Asia, Persian language continued for the literature and government works. Under the Samanids and Buyids, the Islamic culture of Transoxina continued again.
Turkification Of Transoxiana
Rule Of Mongols And Timurids
Arrival Of The Russians
Entering The Twentieth Century
The Jadidists And Basmachis
The Stalinist Period
Khrushchev And Brezhnev Rule
1991 To Present