Republic Of Uzbekistan

Republic Of Uzbekistan

About the Republic of Uzbekistan

The official name of Uzbekistan is Republic of Uzbekistan which is surrounded by five double land locked countries. It is surrounded by Kazakhstan to the north, Afghanistan on south, Kyrgyzstan on northeast, Tajikistan on southeast, and Turkmenistan to the southwest.

The total area of Uzbekistan is 447400 sq km while the land area is 425400 sq km and the water area is 22000 sq km. Tashkent is the capital of Uzbekistan and sum is the currency of Uzbekistan.

According to the Ministry Of Finance Of The Republic Of Uzbekistan, GDP per capita is 2 600 USD whereas, the real growth rate is 4.2%.

With a long history of different empires, Uzbekistan is famous for monuments like mosques, madrasas, mosaic arts, and minarets, reflects the Great Islamic architecture and can be enjoyed on Uzbekistan Tours. The major ancient cities are situated on the famous Great Silk Road. The imperial cities of Uzbekistan are Samarkand, Bukhara, Khiva, Shakhrisabz, Termez, and Tashkent.

About Uzbekistan History

Before 10th century A.D. Uzbekistan region was mostly populated by Scythians, Iranian nomads. At that time, Samarkand and Bukhara become the centres of government and cultural centre. During 5th century BC, Bactrian, Soghdian and Tokharian, were the dominated groups in this region. In 327 BC, Alexander the Great conquered Soghdian and Bactria and married to Roxana, the daughter of a local Bactrian chieftain. The region of Uzbekistan was ruled by Persian empires, Parthian and Sassanid Empires with other empires.

According to the History of Uzbekistan, during the reign of Tamerlane (1336—1405), the territory of Uzbekistan became the home of very rich culture in 14th century. At the time of Tamerlane reign and his immediate descendants, Uzbekistan become the home of wide range of religious and palatial construction projects such as mosques, madrassas, and minarets in Samarqand and other cities. Tamerlane also has initiated the exchange of medical thoughts and patronized physicians, scientists and artists from the neighbouring countries. Known as one of the greatest heroes in Uzbekistan, Tamerlane built the imperial capital of Uzbekistan in Samarkand.

During 19th century and at the beginning of 12th century, the Russian Empire or Soviet Union takes the territory of Uzbekistan into its hand. Uzbekistan worked as a territorial entity within the USSR until the beginning of 20th century.
On 31 August 1991, the Republic of Uzbekistan has adopted Declaration of Independence and became an independent and sovereign State on 1st September 1991.

Uzbekistan Geography & Nature

Republic of Uzbekistan is located between the Amu Darya and Syr Darya rivers with a highly diverse landscapes and nature. Surrounded by the double landlocked countries, Uzbekistan is the centre of Central Asia region and countries. In the south-western Tien Shan, the high mountain ranges like Ugam, Korjantau and Chatkal Ranges and at the Pamir-Alai system, the mountain ranges like Turkestan, Zeravshan and Hissar can be found. At the centre part of Uzbekistan in Kyzylkum, the mountains like Nurata, Aktau, Karatau and the Bukantau Mountains are situated. Not only the mountains, the geography of Uzbekistan also include Kyzylkum and Karakum deserts, Aydarkul Lake, reserves and national parks.

The nature of Uzbekistan changes drastically every time in every region.  The western areas are more deserted and appeared in the form of plains. The eastern regions of Uzbekistan are mountainous and sublime and all are crowned by the snowy peaks of the Tien Shan. Ferghana Valley is fertile land for getting the water resources from north-east mountain ranges and south-east mountain ranges.

Republic Of Uzbekistan
Republic Of Uzbekistan
Republic Of Uzbekistan

Uzbekistan Climate & Weather

As Uzbekistan has extreme continental weather, the temperature is high on south while the temperature is low in the north. However, for Uzbekistan Tours, spring season from April to June and autumn season from September to October is the best time to visit Uzbekistan. In January and February, the visitors will face chilling winds and cool weather with clear sky. During March and April, the temperature increases little while in April, the spring season just starts and lasts through May. Spring Season offers the most comfortable experience to the visitors and gives opportunities to enjoy the Silk and Spices Festival.

June to August in the Republic Of Uzbekistan is the summer season and best for biking. In September and October, the occurrence of autumn season cools down the climate and perfect for Uzbekistan Tourism to explore the pre-historical sites of Uzbekistan. At the mid November, the winter season starts which make everyone feels chilly cold night.

Uzbekistan People

Constitution Of The Republic Of Uzbekistan

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