The official name of Uzbekistan is Republic of Uzbekistan which is surrounded by five double land locked countries. It is surrounded by Kazakhstan to the north, Afghanistan on south, Kyrgyzstan on northeast, Tajikistan on southeast, and Turkmenistan to the southwest.
The total area of Uzbekistan is 447400 sq km while the land area is 425400 sq km and the water area is 22000 sq km. Tashkent is the capital of Uzbekistan and sum is the currency of Uzbekistan.
According to the Ministry Of Finance Of The Republic Of Uzbekistan, GDP per capita is 2 600 USD whereas, the real growth rate is 4.2%.
With a long history of different empires, Uzbekistan is famous for monuments like mosques, madrasas, mosaic arts, and minarets, reflects the Great Islamic architecture and can be enjoyed on Uzbekistan Tours. The major ancient cities are situated on the famous Great Silk Road. The imperial cities of Uzbekistan are Samarkand, Bukhara, Khiva, Shakhrisabz, Termez, and Tashkent.
Before 10th century A.D. Uzbekistan region was mostly populated by Scythians, Iranian nomads. At that time, Samarkand and Bukhara become the centres of government and cultural centre. During 5th century BC, Bactrian, Soghdian and Tokharian, were the dominated groups in this region. In 327 BC, Alexander the Great conquered Soghdian and Bactria and married to Roxana, the daughter of a local Bactrian chieftain. The region of Uzbekistan was ruled by Persian empires, Parthian and Sassanid Empires with other empires.
According to the History of Uzbekistan, during the reign of Tamerlane (1336—1405), the territory of Uzbekistan became the home of very rich culture in 14th century. At the time of Tamerlane reign and his immediate descendants, Uzbekistan become the home of wide range of religious and palatial construction projects such as mosques, madrassas, and minarets in Samarqand and other cities. Tamerlane also has initiated the exchange of medical thoughts and patronized physicians, scientists and artists from the neighbouring countries. Known as one of the greatest heroes in Uzbekistan, Tamerlane built the imperial capital of Uzbekistan in Samarkand.
During 19th century and at the beginning of 12th century, the Russian Empire or Soviet Union takes the territory of Uzbekistan into its hand. Uzbekistan worked as a territorial entity within the USSR until the beginning of 20th century.
On 31 August 1991, the Republic of Uzbekistan has adopted Declaration of Independence and became an independent and sovereign State on 1st September 1991.
Republic of Uzbekistan is located between the Amu Darya and Syr Darya rivers with a highly diverse landscapes and nature. Surrounded by the double landlocked countries, Uzbekistan is the centre of Central Asia region and countries. In the south-western Tien Shan, the high mountain ranges like Ugam, Korjantau and Chatkal Ranges and at the Pamir-Alai system, the mountain ranges like Turkestan, Zeravshan and Hissar can be found. At the centre part of Uzbekistan in Kyzylkum, the mountains like Nurata, Aktau, Karatau and the Bukantau Mountains are situated. Not only the mountains, the geography of Uzbekistan also include Kyzylkum and Karakum deserts, Aydarkul Lake, reserves and national parks.
The nature of Uzbekistan changes drastically every time in every region. The western areas are more deserted and appeared in the form of plains. The eastern regions of Uzbekistan are mountainous and sublime and all are crowned by the snowy peaks of the Tien Shan. Ferghana Valley is fertile land for getting the water resources from north-east mountain ranges and south-east mountain ranges.
As Uzbekistan has extreme continental weather, the temperature is high on south while the temperature is low in the north. However, for Uzbekistan Tours, spring season from April to June and autumn season from September to October is the best time to visit Uzbekistan. In January and February, the visitors will face chilling winds and cool weather with clear sky. During March and April, the temperature increases little while in April, the spring season just starts and lasts through May. Spring Season offers the most comfortable experience to the visitors and gives opportunities to enjoy the Silk and Spices Festival.
June to August in the Republic Of Uzbekistan is the summer season and best for biking. In September and October, the occurrence of autumn season cools down the climate and perfect for Uzbekistan Tourism to explore the pre-historical sites of Uzbekistan. At the mid November, the winter season starts which make everyone feels chilly cold night.
Constitution Of The Republic Of Uzbekistan
There is nothing as per law in Uzbek that a woman must wear, so you can bring your clothes that you love to wear. However, the country has its own culture and we believe you won’t like to offend it. So, we recommend packing some light shirts, t-shirts, jeans and long-sleeved dresses covering knees. You need to wear a scarf or something that covers your head while entering a mosque. You can pack some swim-dress to wear near your pool at your hotel.
Well, it’s really up to you. Bring as much as you want to spend in Uzbekistan. The country is not much expensive but most for paying most of the things you will need cash. Cards are not much accepted here. You can exchange your money at the airport or in any hotel or banks of Uzbekistan (both in private & govt. bank). Keep in mind that you need to pay tips in restaurants and to porters (not mandatory, but expected as it’s almost a custom to tip).
No, drinking tap water isn’t considered safe in Uzbekistan. We highly recommend using bottled water while you are in Uzbekistan. Also, make sure to eat clean and well-cooked food. If you are visiting Uzbek inn hot time make sure to keep big water bottles as you will feel thirsty due to the hot climate especially in the day time.
Well, the answer is No. Uzbekistan is not only a magical country with a rich history and spectacular natural beauty but also a very friendly country to visit. If you are afraid of if it is safe, then let us tell you even the country is safe for solo woman travelers. Uzbek people are warm and friendly. They will easily welcome you as their guest. Choose a reliable tour operator and explore the best of the country without any fear.
Of course, you can avail alcohol in Uzbekistan. It is kind of part of their life. Alcohol is taken by many Uzbek people especially, the Russians. Soviet people introduced Vodka and other alcoholic drinks that are now a part of their life. However, some very strict Muslims don’t prefer drinking. However, it is allowed and legal in the country.
Uzbekistan is famous for its ancient cities like Samarkand, Bukhara, Khiva, Shakhrisabz, Termez, and Tashkent that are explained in many historical stories. These places have some stunning old Islamic architecture buildings that make it famous. As well, the natural beauty, mountains, and rich history of the country usually fascinate its travelers.
Uzbek people eat many types of food in their daily life. The dishes of Uzbekistan are delicious. Mostly they eat and drink soups, meat dishes, floury dishes, bread, milk, and oriental sweets. They share their culinary style mostly with Turkic people. Mostly they have a whole meal in one pot. You can try some local cuisine during your visit to Uzbekistan like; Plov, Shashlik, Lagman Soup, Shurpa, Dimlama, Chuchvara, Samsa, and more.
While visiting to Uzbek you are recommended to have the following vaccination-
The country is best to visit at any time except the summer season (July & August). During these 2 months, the country is at its highest temperature that goes up to 40-degree Celsius. However, spring and autumn are a great time to visit Uzbek i.e. from April to May and September to early November. During this period the country remains dry with a clear sky and cool temp.
The tropical climate of the country is great for malaria mosquitoes; hence once malaria was the worst health threat in Uzbekistan. To protect people from falling ill in malaria the govt. of Uzbek has taken various steps and in 2010 the country became malaria-free. Now it has won the WHO certificate as a malaria-free country. Hence, you can stay stress-free about malaria.
In July 2018, Uzbekistan started an E-visa facility and there are 76 nationalists can apply for a visa online. You can go to the official E-visa site, and apply for your e-visa by filling a form online. The total cost is 20USD. It takes 2 to 3 working days for processing your visa and then you can get a confirmation in your mail. The payment you can do only in the working hours. If you are not from a country where you can go for e-visa, then you can go with the traditional way. You can book it from the embassy.
There are 21 countries that enjoy visa free entry to Uzbekistan. Here is the cost for Uzbekistan-
Cost for 30-days single-entry or multiple-entry visa- US$60 to US$100 for most nationalities
Cost for 30-days single-entry or multiple-entry visa - $160 for US nationalities
Additional entry cost- $10Per entry